Tag Archives: MySQL

Manual WAMP stack

For future reference…


  1. Download an x64 Thread Safe zip from php.net.
  2. Read the note about Visual C++ Redistributable in the sidebar of that download page, and install the one required for your version.
  3. Unzip somewhere and add to PATH.
  4. Pick a php.ini and adjust as necessary (enabled extensions, etc.).
  5. In particular, make sure the following is not commented out:
    extension_dir = "ext"
  6. Check that it works:
    php --version


  1. Download the Windows Installer from getcomposer.org.
  2. Run the installer..
  3. Check that it works:
    composer --version


  1. Download the Apache Win64 zip from apachelounge.com.
  2. Read the note about Visual C++ Redistributable above the downloads on that download page, and install the required one.
  3. Unzip somewhere and adjust httpd.conf as necessary (paths, enabled modules, etc.).
  4. Install as service:
    httpd.exe -k install
  5. Start the service.
  6. Check that it works:
    start http://localhost

Apache with PHP

  1. Add the following to httpd.conf.
    LoadModule php7_module C:/path/to/php/php7apache2_4.dll
    <IfModule php7_module>
        DirectoryIndex index.html index.php
        AddHandler application/x-httpd-php .php
        PHPIniDir "C:/path/to/php"
  2. Add an index.php to your DocumentRoot for testing, e.g.:
    <?php phpinfo();
  3. Restart the Apache service.
  4. Check that it works:
    start http://localhost


  1. Download a Windows x86_64 MSI Package via mariadb.org.
  2. Run the installer.
  3. Optionally add some of the following to my.ini under mysqld section:
    ; Only listen on localhost

    ; Enable logging of queries

    ; (probably bad in production, but very helpful for development debugging)
  4. Restart the service, if you changed anything in the ini.
  5. Check that it works by connecting with HeidiSQL or any other SQL client.

Enabling query logging on MariaDB/MySQL

When developing it can sometimes be very useful to see exactly what queries are sent to the database.

Found out there’s something called a General Query Log, and enabling it was really easy. Just add the following to your my.{ini,cnf} file:


Restart the server and you should now find the log in your data directory (unless no queries done yet).

If you don’t know where your data directory is, just run this query:

SHOW VARIABLES WHERE variable_name = 'datadir'

Missing time zones in WAMP MySQL

If you try to run for example SET time_zone = 'Europe/Oslo' on the default MySQL database that comes with WAMP you might get an error saying the time zone doesn’t exist.

Apparently this is because the time_zone tables for some reason are empty.

How to fix

  1. Go to dev.mysql.com/downloads/timezones.html
  2. Download the POSIX standard Time zone description tables, version 2011n zip archive
  3. Extract the files and overwrite the ones in C:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.6.17\data\mysql, or whatever your equivalent path would be
  4. Restart MySQL

Setting the time zone should now work 🙂

Promoting a user to sysop when all sysops are gone on a MediaWiki installation

Working for a client who has documentation on a MediaWiki installation which was set up before we got there. Was able to create users for ourselves through the regular site, but certain things like deleting pages can only be done by sysops. None of our newly registered users are of course sysops and the only existing sysop user is from whoever installed the wiki to begin with.

Here’s how to promote a user to sysop the hackish way, directly in the database.

Find database details

Note: This can of course be skipped if you already know how to access your mediawiki database, but I didn’t 🙂
  1. SSH into the system where MediaWiki is installed and find its location.
    Was /var/www/html/foowiki in our case.

  2. Open LocalSettings.php and everything should be under the heading ## Database settings

Promote user

  1. Connect with a mysql client.
    mysql -h localhost -u wikiuser -p wikidb
  2. Find the user id.
    SELECT user_id, CONVERT(user_name USING utf8) FROM `user`;
  3. Add user id to sysop (and bureaucrat) group.
    INSERT INTO `user_groups` VALUES (uid, 'sysop'),(uid, 'bureaucrat');

The user should now be sysop, which can be double checked on the Special:ListUsers wiki page.

MySQL tables for continent names, country names and their ISO-3166 codes

Map of the world Here is a MySQL table containing continent names, country names and their ISO-3166 codes.

Needed one a while ago, but the ones I found were either kind of lacking or kind of old. So I made one myself by converting a datafile on Wikipedia into the format I wanted. Used some regular expressions and manual corrections. Later I also went through newsletters with Updates on ISO 3166. Hopefully I got it all right, and hopefully it can save you and others some time as well.

I have also subscribed to their updates and try to follow up when they change anything.

If you find any mistakes or updates I’ve missed, please let me know 🙂

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